Sustainability comes into focus

While the number of countries that have pledged to achieve net-zero emissions now covers around 70% of global emissions of CO2, most pledges do not have adequate near-term policies and measures. Moreover, even if successfully fulfilled, the pledges so far still put the world on track for 2.7C of warming by 2100, far beyond the "below 2C" goals of the Paris climate accord, according to the latest report from the UN Environment Programme.

In 2015, the year of the Paris accord, emissions from human activities were nearly 47Bt of greenhouse gases, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents. By 2020, this level was an estimated 52Bt. The rise, however, has slowed due to the rapid deployment of cleaner energy systems.

About 60% of GHG emissions come from just 10 countries, while the 100 least-emitting contributed less than 3%. Energy makes up nearly three-quarters of global emissions, followed by agriculture. Within the energy sector, the largest emitting sector is electricity and heat generation, followed by transportation and manufacturing. Land use, land use-change and forestry are both a source and sink of emissions and key sector to get to net-zero emissions.

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"About 60% of GHG
emissions come from just
10 countries, while the 100
least-emitting contribute less than 3%."

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Gas in Transition (Oil) June 2022
Decarbonisation Journey – Don’t Stop Believin’

The Earth recorded its highest ever daily average atmospheric CO2 concentration in May 2022. The Scripps Institute of Oceanography at the University of California reported 421.37ppm, compared to 418.95ppm in May 2021.

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Copper May 2022
Copper's Key Role in Electrification and Decarbonisation

Copper will continue to play a vital role for the global transition to electrification and net-zero emissions. It is a crucial component in renewable energy systems due to its properties, including conductivity, ductility, thermal efficiency, and recyclability.

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LNG May 2022
The Mean Green LNG Machine

LNG has a crucial role in the energy transition as a transportable, highly versatile fuel. The increasing use of LNG is needed to feed the world’s demand for energy. However, LNG is classified as a fossil fuel, and environmental concerns surround its use. The solution then, is to make LNG in an environmentally friendly manner. But how?

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Aluminium May 2022
Greening the Aluminium Value Chain - Alumina

The production of aluminium is an energy intensive process—so much so it is sometimes referred to as ‘solidified energy’. Carbon emissions are produced in aluminium smelting from the required electricity generation, along with the direct emissions from the reduction of alumina with a carbon anode.

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Economic Overview May 2022
The Quest to Remove Carbon

This month, the US Department of Energy announced plans to invest US$2.3bn for carbon removal projects. The goal is to accelerate geologic carbon storage projects to permanently store at least 50Mt of captured CO2, equivalent to the emissions of 10m gasoline-powered cars a year. The funding will come from the US$1.2tn infrastructure bill, passed in November 2021.

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